EARTH Thailand
PRTR & Community Right-to-Know
Communities in Action
Industrial & Hazardous Waste Mangement
Map Ta Phut Studies
Chemicals & Product Life-Cycle Management
Pollution Hotspots
Corporate Accountability
Policy Reference
Green Samut Sakhon



A Crisis of Waste: A Photo Book on the Situation and Crisis of Waste in Thailand

By EARTH, Photo by Karnt Thassanaphak, December 2021

The world is facing a crisis of waste, and Thailand is no exception. Today, this country faces a growing quantity of wastes from various sources, including households/communities and industrial factories. In addition, plastic scraps, electronic scraps and wastes of other sorts are flowing from across the border into recycling factories. These waste importations occur through various avenues from illegal smugglings to exploitation of loopholes in the law. 


Plastic Waste Management Hazards

2021 | Prof. Hideshige Takada, Dept. of Environmental & Natural Resource Sciences, and
Lee Bell, IPEN Mercury and POPs Policy Advisor

Plastic waste has become an unprecedented pollution issue around the globe. From visible plastic litter on land and in oceans to invisible micro-plastics in lakes, mountains, and rain, the planet is increasingly blanketed in the petrochemical remnants of plastic production. With petrochemical companies avoiding fossil fuel carbon liabilities by massively increasing plastic production, the amount of plastic waste generated is set to climb dramatically.


Waste Trade in Southeast Asia: Legal Justifications for Regional Action

EcoWaste Coalition - JULY 2021  

The COVID-19 pandemic has already had negative effects on waste management, significantly contributing to increases in medical waste and household waste, and a substantial slowdown in recycling efforts. This upsurge in hazardous waste particularly endangers developing countries that are destinations for waste exports via the global waste trade.


Toxic Chemicals in Plastic Waste Poisoning People in Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe & Latin America.

IPEN & Arnika, June 2021

Plastics and food packaging contain chemical contaminants from manufacturing along with many additives to make them inflammable, more flexible, grease-resistant, or sterile, as well as other substances to create many other properties. Many of these additives are toxic and they leak from products during use and can be released during recycling and from recycled products.

This study focuses on persistent organic pollutants (POPs), whose releases are closely related to plastic wastes. The POPs include additives in the plastic as such, as well as unintentionally produced POPs (UPOPs) generated mostly by burning, incineration and/or other thermal treatment of plastics. 


Aquatic Pollutants in Oceans and Fisheries

IPEN & NTN | April 2021

Chemicals are polluting oceans and waterways, not only endangering wildlife and those who rely on seafood for sustenance, but threatening the collapse of many fisheries. In combination with global warming, this is a catastrophe in the making. This report is the first to begin to detail the numerous ways and places in which chemical pollution and climate change is destabilizing this marine infrastructure and the world's fisheries. We still have time to stop the destruction, but as this report indicates, we will need to go beyond thinking only about how to control overfishing or manage pollutants in the fish we consume. Our survival, along with that of all other species, will depend on ensuring the health of the entire ocean, an objective we all must work on together to achieve.


Plastic's Toxic Additives and the Circular Economy

IPEN | September 2020

Toxic chemicals of concern that are widespread in common plastic products can hinder the momentum for a circular economy. A new report, coordinated by the Barcelona-based(1) Regional Activity Centre for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP/RAC), serving both the Stockholm Convention and the Barcelona Convention, has been produced in collaboration with the International Pollutants Elimination Network (IPEN) in order to shine a light on extensive evidence of toxic chemical components in plastics that can harm human and environmental health and impede a safe circular economy.


Dealing with Industrial Contamination: Problems and solutions from Thailand and a call to action

March 2020

The condition of Thailand's natural and social environment entered a crisis in 1990s, which resulted in major amendments to national laws concerning environment and pollution control in 1992.


Call for a global ban policy on and scientific management of asbestos to eliminate asbestos-related diseases

Journal of Public Health Policy, March 2020 | Achyut Aryal and Craig Morley

Asbestos is a primary cause of cancer worldwide. Global estimates indicate workplace exposure of 125 million people and about 255,000 deaths each year. Of the approximately 300 million metric tonnes of asbestos ever produced worldwide, most will become waste and disposed of in landfills. The recycling and transforming asbestos fibre into a non-harmful product offer a sustainable solution, but a global commitment remains elusive. Urgent action is needed. 


Lead in Playground Equipment in Thailand

IPEN & EARTH, October 2019

On 30 September 2019, EARTH visited Benjakitti Park and Lumphini Park located in Bangkok City, Thailand, and screened the playground equipment for lead content. In each playground, painted play equipment and the condition of painted surface were documented.  This study shows that 20 out of 24 analyzed pieces of playground equipment contained total lead concentrations above 90 parts per million (ppm), dry weight. In addition, 14 analyzed pieces of playground equipment contained dangerously high lead levels above 10,000 ppm.; 15 out of 16 bright-colored painted surfaces contained lead concentra­tions above 90 ppm, dry weight; and the highest lead concentration detected was 72,300 ppm in a red monkey bar at a public playground in Benjakitti Park, Bangkok.


Trading Away Health and the Environment: The Toxic Business of Waste Imports into Thailand

Co-Authors: Tanya Lee Roberts-Davis & Penchom Saetang

Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH) | June 2019

Trading Away Health and the Environment provides an overview of the devastating impacts on the health and well-being of communities in Thailand where industrial waste processing facilities are being developed as part of an ongoing expansion of the transnational business of plastic and used electronics waste and scraps.


Toxic Hot Spots in Thailand

Authors: Jindřich Petrlík, Alice Dvorská, Václav Mach, Marek Šír, Jitka Straková, Akarapon Teebthaisong, Jana Tremlová, Peter A. Behnisch, Martin Bystrianský, Autthaporn Ritthichat, Penchom Saetang

By Arnika Association and Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH) | December 2018

The data presented in the studies were obtained during sampling campaigns in Thailand in February 2015, February and March 2016, and February 2017. The sampling campaigns represent an important part of the project “Increasing Transparency in Industrial Pollution Management through Citizen Science.”


"We Fight to Protect Our Home:” Reprisals Against Environmental Defenders in Loei Province, Thailand

A report by Fortify Rights, October 2018

This report reveals that Thai authorities and Tungkum Ltd. committed and contributed to serious human rights violations and abuses against members of KRBKG and environmental defenders in Wang Sa Phung District, Loei Province. Violations and abuses include the arbitrary detention of human rights defenders and violations of the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, a healthy environment.

Local residents in affected communities surrounding the gold  mine largely rely on farming and the natural environment for their livelihoods and sustenance. Water and soil pollution has adversely impacted their daily lives and livelihoods. Residents have also complained about health conditions...

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Groups sue ministries over PM2.5 problems

Bangkok Post 22 March 2022 | APINYA WIPATAYOTIN

Environmental activist groups have filed a lawsuit with the Central Administrative Court against the National Environment Board (NEB) and two cabinet ministers for failing to deal with the country's pressing air pollution problems, saying every citizen has the right to breathe clean air.

The lawsuit was filed by representatives from Greenpeace Thailand, Environmental Law Foundation (EnLaw), Ecological Alert and Recovery-Thailand, Chiang Mai Breath Council, Northern Breath Council, the Rural Doctor Society and Climate Strike Thailand. 


CSOs and local groups file a lawsuit to demand government action against PM2.5 pollution

PRESS RELEASE 22 March 2022

Bangkok- Representatives from civil society organizations (CSOs) and environmental advocates today filed a lawsuit against three public departments, including the National Environment Board, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, and the Ministry of Industry for neglecting their mandate of protecting Thai citizens’ basic rights to clean air. [1] 


Transparency and public participation needed for waste-to-energy plant

EARTH REPORT 21 March 2022

EARTH calls for corporate transparency and citizens involvement at parliamentary hearing on Onnut waste-to-energy plant

Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH) joined representatives of the Move Forward Party and citizens of Onnut-Prawet area in calling for corporate transparency and citizens involvement at a parliamentary hearing on pollution caused by the Onnut Garbage factory in southeastern Bangkok.


Samples of contaminated water collected at Prachinburi’s 304 Industrial Park

EARTH REPORT 08 March 2022

EARTH’s research and technical team collected samples of contaminated water after a pipe leak at Prachinburi’s 304 Industrial Park

Prachinburi: Research and technical officers from Thai NGO, Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH), investigated the impact of a pipe leak at 304 Industrial Park, one of the largest industrial zones in eastern Thailand.


EARTH THAILAND: Banking on Citizen Science Towards Environmental Activism and Protection

February 2022 |Interview with Penchom Saetang by Sonia G. Astudillo and Dan Abril

GAIA sat down with Penchom to talk about EARTH’s project, plans, challenges, and successes. 


Renewed push to sort, recycle waste

Bangkok Post 21 February 2022 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM and SUPOJ WANCHAROEN

City produces more than 8,000 tonnes of municipal waste per day

Penchom Saetang, director of Ecological Alert and Recovery-Thailand (EARTH) foundation, said wastewater is another big problem for Bangkok."With wastewater from chemicals we use in our daily lives accumulating, the ecosystem along the maritime routes will gradually deteriorate, affecting health and food chains." 


After more than 200 oil spills in 50 years, here’s how Thailand can clean up its act

Thai PBS World 12 February 2022

Two recent oil spills off Rayong province are just the latest in a long line of similar disasters in Thai seas. Records reveal that more than 200 oil spills have occurred over the past five decades, with little apparently being done to tighten regulations, restore the environment or compensate locals for the damage to their livelihoods. 


Environmental Experts Investigate Toxic E-waste Dump in Kalasin


An international team of experts are investigating the industrial hot spots in Khok Sa-ad sub district, Kalasin province. The area is infamous for Thailand’s largest e-waste dump, where scrap from all over the world was formerly collected. The toxic pollution is even enhanced by local dubious dismantling and recycling sites affecting its wider vicinity, including poor local communities. Environmentalists from Arnika, EARTH, and the local administrative organisation are collecting samples for analysis of toxic chemicals.


Impact of Rayong oil spill will take more than a decade to overcome, say locals

The Nation 05 February 2022 

Local fishermen are worried that the oil spill in Rayong will have a far-reaching impact on the marine ecosystem, especially since the area is still struggling from the aftermath of the 2013 disaster. Weerasak Kongnarong, president of the Rayong fishermen association, said earlier this week that the wind and waves are pushing the slick toward Koh Samet, and it will take at least 20 years for the damage to be mitigated. He said just using dispersant chemicals is not enough.


Community hardships in the wake of oil spill

EARTH REPORT 02 Febuary 2022

Voices from the subaltern - fisherfolks of Laem Rung Ruang cape, Rayong, Thailand, speak of the economc hardships they face in the wake of an oil spill in the gulf of Thailand

"No government agencies has come to see us... the company has not come to investigate the impact... the company told us to go submit complaints... but this is time of emergency. It shouldn't be our job right now to run around and ask for help. We're just fisherfolks."


Public Forum: Oil Spill Incident (Again)

Tuesday 1 Febuary 2022, at 1.00-3.30 pm.

Thai Climate Justice for All (TCJA) in collaboration with the Ecological Alert abd Recovery - Thailand (EARTH) and Greenpeace Thailand will hold a forum to discuss about the oil spill incident in Reyong after the oil leaked from an underwater pipeline in the eastern coast of Thailand and continues to wash ashore and blacken the sand, threatening the marine ecosystem and the local communities.


Odor Complaints by Community ignored for two years

EARTH REPORT 12 January 2022

A housing estate community in southeast Bangkok still affected by foul smell from waste factory, after two years of continuous complaints.

NGO Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH) conducted preliminary exploration and environmental monitoring of an area affected by a Mechanical-Biological Treatment (MBT) waste factory, after locals complained of chronic foul smell.


Court fees exempted for citizens suing factory for pollution

EARTH REPORT 15 December 2021

NONG PHAWA, RAYONG – The Rayong Provincial court granted court fees exemption for Nong Phawa locals suing a recycling company for polluting local water.


Thai trash collectors threatened by continued waste imports

Surging imports of plastic waste have put a strain on the livelihoods of Thailand’s informal trash collectors

China Dialogue 08 December 2021 | Luke Duggleby 

Throughout September, hundreds of garbage collectors from Thailand’s Saleng and Recycle Trader Association (SRTA) gathered in Bangkok to protest outside government offices against the continued import of foreign waste.


Local cry out as industrial fumes and foul affected their health

EARTH REPORT 30 October 2021

RAYONG, THAILAND – Citizens captured videos showing plumes of smoke coming out of IRPC petrochemical company’s gas flare stacks. They reported foul smell and loud, disturbing noises accompanying the smoke. 

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