EARTH Thailand
PRTR & Community Right-to-Know
Communities in Action
Industrial & Hazardous Waste Mangement
Map Ta Phut Studies
Chemicals & Product Life-Cycle Management
Pollution Hotspots
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Policy Reference



Toxic Impressions: BPA in thermal paper

A report by Toxics Link, 2017

Thermal papers are widely used to print the sale receipts in various sectors like grocery stores, gas stations and bank ATMs to ensure fast and accurate services. This paper is also used by the ticketing agencies, lottery systems and other businesses, which require accurate and high volume printouts.

In this study, twelve unused thermal paper samples from both known and local brands of different manufacturers and suppliers were randomly collected from different markets in New Delhi. We found BPA in concentration between 300 ppm and 6600 ppm in thermal papers with the average levels of 3037 ppm, which is exceedingly high and can have serious adverse impacts on human health and environment.


POPs at four Thai pollution hot-spots: Map Ta Phut, Samut Sakhon, Tha Tum, and Khon Kaen

Author: Václav Mach, PhD.

Supporting data: RNDr. Jindřich Petrlík, Akarapon Teebthaisong, Autthaporn Ritthichat

Arnika – Toxics and Waste Programme, and Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH), November 2017

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are toxic chemicals that persist over long periods of time in the environment. This study is focused on the presentation of data related to contamination by POPs in 4 hotspot areas in Thailand: The Map Ta Phut industrial complex, the Samut Sakhon hotspot area, the Tha Tum industrial complex, and the Pulp and Paper industrial area near Khon Kaen. 


Chicken eggs as an indicator of POPs pollution in Thailand

Author: RNDr. Jindrich Petrlik

Supporting data: Akarapon Teebthaisong, Atthaporn Ritthichat

Bangkok, Prague, November 2017

In this study, we present the results of monitoring free-range chicken eggs from selected sites in Thailand which are contaminated by persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Free-range chicken eggs were used for monitoring levels of contamination by POPs in various locations in many previous studies. Eggs have been found to be sensitive indicators of POP contamination in soils or dust and are a significant exposure pathway from soil pollution to humans. 


Tackling mercury pollution in the EU and worldwide

Science for Environment Policy, In-depth report 15, written and edited by the Science Communication Unit, University of the West of England (UWE), November 2017

This In-Depth Report from Science for Environment Policy summarises the latest scientific studies and research results on mercury pollution in the global environment. Of the many aspects of mercury pollution, five main topics are addressed: Mercury sources and impacts; Mercury cycling: movement and deposition; Monitoring and modelling approaches; Reduction, treatment and storage; and The Minamata Convention on Mercury and the EU mercury policy.


Mercury in fish from industrial sites in Thailand

By Jana Tremlova | September 2017

Arnika Association, Czech Republic and Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH)

This study is to interpret a data set obtained from an environmental sampling in different parts of Thailand that was carried out in February/March 2016 and February 2017. Samples originated from various sites which some of them served as control areas without any known sources of pollution and some samples originated from highly industrialized areas. Collected samples of fish and sediments were analyzed for content of mercury and methylmercury, secondary also for the content of some selected risk elements and data were further discussed and compared to national and international legal standards.


Mercury in Women of Child-bearing Age in 25 Countries

September 2017 | Lee Bell (Lead author)

Contributing authors: David Evers, Sarah Johnson, Kevin Regan, Joe DiGangi, Jennifer Federico, Jan Samanek

Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI), Maine, USA; IPEN, Göteborg, Sweden; Arnika Association, Prague, Czech Republic

Mercury is a potent neurotoxin, especially to the developing brain, and can affect the developing fetus months after the mother’s exposure. The harmful effects that can be passed from the mother to the fetus when the mother’s mercury levels exceed 1 ppm include neurological impairment, IQ loss, and damage to the kidneys


Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain

Arnika, National Toxics Network and IPEN, Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain, April 2017

This extensive new report was prepared to address a major source of POPs contamination of the environment that is often overlooked, underestimated or incorrectly classified in risk assessments, exposure scenarios and regulatory controls on waste. Ash and other residues from waste incineration contain dioxins, furans (PCDD/Fs) and a range of other highly toxic POPs at levels which are a threat to human health and the environment. Current management practices and regulatory threshold levels for POPs that contaminate incinerator residues are not preventing releases of POPs into agricultural settings, the food chain and the broader environment.


Pops Recycling Contaminates Children's Toys with Toxic Flame Retardants

IPEN & Arnika, April 2017

Recycling plastics containing toxic flame retardant chemicals found in electronic waste results in contamination of new plastic children’s toys and related products. The substances include octabromodiphenyl ether (OctaBDE), deca-bromodiphenyl ether (DecaBDE), and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). This study found all three toxic chemicals in recycled plastic children’s products. In a survey of products from 26 countries, 90% of the samples contained OctaBDE or DecaBDE. Nearly half of them (43%) contained HBCD. Recycling materials that contain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and other toxic substances contaminates new products, continues human and environmental exposure, and undermines the credibility of recycling.


Global Lead Paint Elimination Report

IPEN, October 2016

Lead is a toxic metal that causes adverse effects on both human health and the environment. While lead exposure is harmful to adults, lead exposure harms children at much lower levels, and the health effects are generally irreversible and can have a lifelong impact. The younger the child, the more harmful lead can be, and children with nutritional deficiencies absorb ingested lead at an increased rate. The human fetus is the most vulnerable, and a pregnant woman can transfer lead that has accumulated in her body to her developing child. Lead is also transferred through breast milk when lead is present in a nursing mother.


Ignorance is Toxic… Double Standard at Map Ta Phut

Authors: Penchom Saetang, Faikham Harnnarong, Sukran Rojanapaiwong

Published by:Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN)

Supported by: Heinrich Böll Foundation

January 2007


Thailand’s Air: Poison Cocktail

Exposing Unsustainable Industries and the Case for Community Right To Know and Prevention [Thailand Bucket Brigade]

By: Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN) / Greenpeace Southeast Asia (GPSEA) / Global Community Monitor (GCM), October 2005

This report gives fresh evidence that the proposed ‘Community Right To Know Law’ and the ‘National Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR) System’ are essentially needed along with better environmental monitoring and direct involvement of affected communities in environmental decision-making with the aim to achieve environmental justice and sustainable society.

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Court Acquits Northeastern Gold Mine Protesters

Khaosod English/ AP 19 April 2018 | Kaweewit Kaewjinda

BANGKOK — A court found seven environmental activists not guilty Thursday of violating a law on public gatherings that imposes severe penalties for actions that disrupt public services.

The activists, all women, in November 2016 blocked access to a meeting at a local government office in Loei province in the country’s northeast to protest a request by a gold mining company to expand operations near their homes.


Charges against Thai activists dismissed, mining protest to go on

Reuters 20 April 2018 | Rina Chandran

BANGKOK, April 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A Thai court has dismissed all charges against seven female activists accused of violating public assembly laws, just weeks after a United Nations team called on the government to end attacks on human rights campaigners.


News Release - Thailand: Dismiss Charges Against Seven Women Environmental Defenders

BANGKOK 18 April 2018

Verdict expected tomorrow in peaceful assembly case

Thailand authorities should drop charges against seven environmental defenders involved in a peaceful protest in Loei Province, Fortify Rights said today. The Loei Provincial Court will issue a decision on the case tomorrow, April 19.


Haze problem in North set to worsen as burning ban ends, experts warn

The Nation 18 April 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM

AIR POLLUTION in the North is expected to worsen following an end to the ban on outdoor burning in many provinces.

Both academics and authorities yesterday cautioned people in the North to be prepared for a new and final wave of hazardous haze, while the Regional Environment Office 1 (Chiang Mai) assured there were measures planned to limit burning in the open.


More than 95% of world's population breathe dangerous air, major study finds

The Guardian 17 April 2018 | Fiona Harvey - Environment correspondent

Poorest are hardest hit with many developing countries falling behind on cleaning up toxic air pollution

More than 95% of the world’s population breathe unsafe air and the burden is falling hardest on the poorest communities, with the gap between the most polluted and least polluted countries rising rapidly, a comprehensive study of global air pollution has found.


'Plastic is literally everywhere': the epidemic attacking Australia's oceans

The Guardian 15 April 2018 | Graham Readfearn

‘It never breaks down and goes away,’ say scientists struggling to understand the impact of widespread pollution

While heading down the Brisbane river, Jim Hinds once pulled aboard a drunken half-naked man just seconds from “going down for the last time”.


We’re No. 1? Chiang Mai Air Pollution Smashes Competitors

Khaosod English 12 April 2018 | Teeranai Charuvastra

CHIANG MAI — The “Rose of the North” won world recognition Wednesday for the dubious distinction of having the worst recorded air quality during peak conditions.


Lead-contaminated villages await justice two decades after verdict

The Nation 12 April 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM

JUSTICE HAS not arrived for the local people in a lead-contaminated area of Klity Village in Kanchanaburi province. Environmental restoration has been slow and obscure, while the affected people still await compensation.

Environmental restoration has been slow and obscure, while the affected people still await compensation.


Plans for Western Sydney incinerator set to be rejected

Nine News 10 April 2018 | Chris OKeefe  

Plans for an incinerator in Western Sydney are expected to be rejected, with the Department of Planning and Environment recommending it not go ahead. 

9NEWS has learned the Department has finalised its report into the proposed energy from waste facility at Eastern Creek.


Air pollution is an invisible killer: Denial will cost lives! World Health Day 2018 special

Asian Tribune 06 April 2018 | Shobha Shukla and Bobby Ramakant, CNS (Citizen News Service)

According to the WHO, 92% of the global population lives in places where ambient air pollution is so high that it makes air unsafe to breathe. As much as 36% of lung cancer deaths, 34% of stroke deaths, and 27% of heart disease deaths in a year are attributed to air pollution. More alarmingly, climate change and air pollution are closely interrelated, further escalating the economic costs and health hazards for humankind. 


Nay Pyi Taw scraps Hpa-An coal power plant, communities urge Kayin govt to follow suit

The Myanmar Times 05 April 2018

Kayin communities and civil society groups applauded Nay Pyi Taw’s decision announced last month to halt a proposed coal power plant in Hpa-An and urged the regional government to confirm the cancellation. Meanwhile, a total of 130 civil society groups issued a joint statement to urge the government to cancel all proposed and suspended coal-fired power plants across the country.


Mekong River dams ‘will harm food security’

The Nation 04 April 2018 | Pratch Rujivanarom

Siem Reap – Study claims hydropower development will also increase poverty in the region

Hydropower development on the Mekong River will aggravate food insecurity and poverty in the region and reverse the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a study says.

Environmental and social specialists of Mekong River Commission (MRC) warned during the third MRC International Conference in Siem Reap, Cambodia, that hydropower dam development in the Mekong River was expected to ravage the river basin with severe environmental and socioeconomic impacts.


Indonesia Has Declared a State of Emergency as Borneo Oil Spill Spreads

Time 04 April 2018 | Eli Meixler

Indonesia declared a state of emergency Tuesday after a deadly oil spill off the coast of the island of Borneo continued to spread, the BBC reports.

At least four people were killed and hundreds of local residents say they have experienced health problems since the spill was reported early Saturday.


Environmental ‘disaster’ at Akara

The Nation 25 March 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM


Findings of toxic contamination from Akara Resources’ gold mine have been hailed as significant scientific confirmation of an environmental disaster in Phichit, an environmental science academic has warned.


City pollution at 'national disaster' level

Bangkok Post 24 March 2018 | Apinya Wipatayotin

Bangkok must upgrade its ultra-fine dust pollution problem to "national disaster" level in order to strengthen protections against its far-reaching health impacts, ranging from heart and brain disorders to cancer.

The call was made Friday by former Pollution Control Department chief Supat Wangwongwattana, who is worried the threat will not be tackled seriously at its root cause.

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